Alterative — Producing a healthful change without perception.
Anodyne — Relieves mild pain.
Anthelmintic — A medicine that expels worms.
Antibilious — Acts on the bile, relieving biliousness.
Antiemetic — Stops vomiting.
Antiperiodic — Preventing regular recurrences.
Antilithic — Prevents the formation of stones in the urinary organs.
Antirheumatic — Relieves or cures rheumatism.
Antiscorbutic — Cures or prevents scurvy.
Antiseptic — A medicine that prevents putrefaction.
Antispasmodic — Relieves or prevents spasms.
Antisyphilitic — Having effect of curing or relieving syphilis.
Aperient — Gently laxative without purging.
Aromatic — A stimulant, spicy, anti-griping.
Astringent — Causes contraction and arrests discharges.
Carminative — Expels wind from the bowels.
Cathartic —  Evacuates the bowels (a purgative).
Cephalic — Pertaining to the head.
Cholagogue — Increases the flow of bile into the intestine.
Condiment — Improves the flavour of foods.
Demulcent — Soothing, relieves inflammation, especially for skin and mucous membranes.
Deobstruent — Removes obstruction.
Depurative — Purifies the blood.
Detergent — Cleansing.
Diaphoretic — Produces perspiration.
Discutient — Dissolves and heals tumors.
Diuretic — Increases the secretion and flow of urine.
Emetic — Produces vomiting.
Emmenagogue — Promotes menstruation.
Emollient — Softens and soothes inflamed parts when locally applied.
Esculent — Edible.
Exanthematous — Pertaining to skin eruptions and diseases.
Expectorant — Facilitates expulsion of mucus or phlegm from the lungs and throat.
Febrifuge — Abates and reduces fevers.
Hepatic — Pertaining to the liver.
Laxative — Promotes bowel action.
Lithotriptic — Dissolves calculi (stones) in the urinary organs.
Mucilaginous — Soothing to all inflammations.
Nauseant — Produces vomiting.
Nervine — Acts specifically on the nervous system, stops nervous excitement, tonic.
Parturient — Induces and promotes labour at childbirth.
Pectoral — A remedy for chest afflictions.
Refrigerant — Cooling.
Resolvent — Dissolves boils, tumours, and other inflammations.
Rubefacient — Increases circulation and produces red skin.
Sedative — Quiets nerve action and promotes sleep.
Sialogogue — Increases the secretion of saliva.
Stomachic — Excites the action of the stomach, has the effect of strengthening it and relieving indigestion.
Styptic — Arrests hemorrhage.
Sudorific — Produces profuse perspiration.
Tonic — A remedy which is invigorating, strengthening, and toning.
Vermifuge — Expels worms from the intestines.